Once the Germans had occupied the Netherlands in 1940, the persecution of the Jewish part of the population began. After two months the first of an endless series of measures was released. The measures were intended to, incrementally, isolate the Jewish population and ultimately remove them from society (see anti-Jewish measures in the Netherlands for an overview).
The so-called Column Henneicke was employed during the final period of the persecution of the Jewish population in the Netherlands. The group, led by Willem Henneicke and Willem Briedť, was active in the period from March to September 1943. It was a party of about fifty Dutch bounty hunters, who tracked down Jews in hiding and extradited them to the German authorities. They would also trace down Jewish property which they would take for their own benefit.