Seyffardt, Hendrik

Prelude to the liquidation

On December 13th, 1942, Mussert was officially appointed "Leader of the Dutch Peopleď by the German occupying forces. With direct permission from Hitler, he was allowed to establish a ďSecretarie van Staat der Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging der NederlandenĒ (secretary of State of the National Socialist Movement of the Netherlands). This institute would consist of several ďdeputiesĒ; each with their own portfolio. From February 1st, 1943, they would advise Seyss-Inquart on their specifically assigned department. In this way Rost van Tonningen functioned as advisor for the following areas: Finance, Banking, Special Economic Affairs and the East company. Prof. Mr. Dr. Robert van Genechten got the appointment for the following areas: Education, Arts and Sciences. Cornelis van Geelkerken took place as a consultant in the field of Internal Affairs and National Security. And Seyffardt was appointed ďDeputy for special servicesĒ regarding the Dutch Legion. His role as "Deputy" was announced on Thursday, February 4th, through the press.

The communist resistance group CS-6, under the leadership of Dr. Gerrit Kastein, thought that this series of events would lead to a national-socialist government, led by Mussert. CS-6 feared that Mussert, as soon as the government was installed, would introduce the general conscription and would call up Dutchmen for the Eastern front. According to CS-6, Lieutenant General Seyffardt was the first person, eligible for an attack, after the heavily secured Mussert. He was the symbol for the military collaboration and CS-6 saw in him the future Secretary of War. Seyffardt would carry out Mussertís policy regarding the deployment of Dutch troops on the Eastern front. This made him a threat, according to CS-6.

The reality was quite different. The German occupying forces looked upon the NSB primarily as a reservoir for administrative, military and para military forces. Also, the Movement was an useful medium to reach the Dutch people. The NSB was indeed still the largest national socialist organization in the Netherlands, especially after the dissolution of other fascist and national socialist parties. However, the Germans, had no intention at all to appoint Mussert head of government. Because of these reasons and others, they wanted to engage Mussertís loyalty and gave him and his supporters the impression to be taken serious. Moreover, a few months earlier, Seyss-Inquart had stated to Mussert that he had no intention to introduce a general conscription in the Netherlands.


Cooperation of the people with the occupying forces, more generally spoken the term for individuals who cooperate with the occupying force is collaborator.
Largest Soviet ground formation. It was attached to a certain area which gave its name to the units involved. For instance the Voronezh front.
National Socialist Movement. Dutch political party sympathising with the Nazis.
Resistance against the enemy. Often also with armed resources.

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Seyss-Inquart speaks in the Ridderzaal, The Hague
(Source: ANP Fotoarchief)


Translated by:
Chrit Houben
Article by:
Frank Meijerink
Published on:
Last edit on:
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