Even more than 60 years after the collapse of the Third Reich, the name Dachau still evokes memories of the notorious concentration camp that was located there between 1933 and 1945. Inmates of more than 30 nationalities were imprisoned in this camp. Many died from the dismal living conditions. A large number of Dutchmen were also imprisoned in this camp as they had put up resistance against the German occupier.
After the war, Dachau concentration camp has not only become notorious because of the deplorable living conditions in the camp but also because of three rather controversial issues. First of all, after the war uncertainty arose as to the question whether one of the gas chambers in the camp had been intended to kill people and whether people have actually been gassed in this chamber. The scope of the war crime, committed by the Americans on the day the camp was liberated and the Malmťdy trial, held in the camp after the war are still controversial issues to this day. The Malmťdy trial is briefly discussed and a description of the blood bath in Dachau can be found in a separate article. See page 9.