Nowadays, the location of the former concentration camp Majdanek lies well within the city limits of Lublin, a city in eastern Poland near the Ukrainian border. Today it looks somewhat like a park at some 2,5 miles from the city center. It is surrounded by modern apartment buildings and a Roman Catholic cemetery that was already there before the camp was built. The highway to the Ukraine and Russia runs along the former camp grounds. In the war, this was a major route for the German army to the eastern front and from the fall of 1943 onwards for the retreating German forces.
Occupying an area of some 66,7 acres, Majdanek was the second largest concentration camp after Camp Auschwitz and has been operational for a relatively short time; from October 1941 to July 1944. According to the most recent counts, a total of 150,000 people would have been imprisoned in Majdanek. They were men and women of 54 different nationalities from 28 countries. Out of them, some 80,000, including 60,000 Jews would not have survived the camp. 60 % of them perished because of the abysmal conditions in the camp: hunger, illness, cold and exhaustion. 40 % was gassed, hanged, beaten to death or shot. These numbers however are just estimates because up until today, the exact number of victims has not yet been determined.