Concentration camp Majdanek

Introduction

Inhoudsopgave

Nowadays, the location of the former concentration camp Majdanek lies well within the city limits of Lublin, a city in eastern Poland near the Ukrainian border. Today it looks somewhat like a park at some 2,5 miles from the city center. It is surrounded by modern apartment buildings and a Roman Catholic cemetery that was already there before the camp was built. The highway to the Ukraine and Russia runs along the former camp grounds. In the war, this was a major route for the German army to the eastern front and from the fall of 1943 onwards for the retreating German forces.

Occupying an area of some 66,7 acres, Majdanek was the second largest concentration camp after Camp Auschwitz and has been operational for a relatively short time; from October 1941 to July 1944. According to the most recent counts, a total of 150,000 people would have been imprisoned in Majdanek. They were men and women of 54 different nationalities from 28 countries. Out of them, some 80,000, including 60,000 Jews would not have survived the camp. 60 % of them perished because of the abysmal conditions in the camp: hunger, illness, cold and exhaustion. 40 % was gassed, hanged, beaten to death or shot. These numbers however are just estimates because up until today, the exact number of victims has not yet been determined.

Definitielijst

concentration camp
Closed camp where people are being held captive that are considered to be anti- social, enemies of the state, criminal or unwanted individuals. These groups mostly do not get a fair trial or are condemned to doing time in a camp.
front
Largest Soviet ground formation. It was attached to a certain area which gave its name to the units involved. For instance the Voronezh front.
Jews
Middle Eastern people with own religion that lived in Palestine. They distinguished themselves by their strong monotheism and the strict observance of the Law and tradition. During World War 2 the Jewish people were ruthlessly persecuted and annihilated by the German Nazis. . An estimated 6,000,000 Jews were exterminated.
Majdanek
Concentration camp nearby the Polish city of Lublin. Originally a POW camp. From 1942 an extermination camp.

Pagina navigatie

Afbeeldingen


The camp terrain, in the background the crematory and the mausoleum containing the ashes of the deceased.
(Source: de.wikipedia.org)

Informatie

Translated by:
Arnold Palthe
Article by:
Robert Jan Noks
Published on:
22-11-2017
Last edit on:
02-05-2018
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